An adult Glossy Snake from Clark County, Kansas (iNat 54780743). Image by iNat user adgeorge (Andrew George).
An adult Glossy Snake from Hamilton County, Kansas (iNat 16614924). Image by iNat user neilbalchan (Neil Balchan).
An adult Glossy Snake from Barber County, Kansas (iNat 95185155). Image by iNat user david_kelley(David Kelley).
An sub-adult Glossy Snake from Hamilton County. © Travis W. Taggart.
An adult Glossy Snake from Hamilton County, Kansas. Image © Hunter Johnson.
An adult Glossy Snake from Morton County. Image © Suzanne L. Collins, CNAH.
An adult Glossy Snake from just south of Monument Rocks, Gove County. Image © Travis W. Taggart.
An adult Glossy Snake from Morton County. Image © Suzanne L. Collins, CNAH.
An adult Glossy Snake from Chase County. Image © Greg Sievert.
Adult Glossy Snake from Cheyenne County. Image © Travis W. Taggart.
REPTILIA (Reptiles) SQUAMATA (PART) (Snakes) COLUBRIDAE (Harmless Egg-laying Snakes)

Glossy Snake
Arizona elegans Kennicott (in Baird), 1859: 18
ĕr-ĭ-zō''-nă — ĕl-ē''-găns


Conservation Status:

State: Kansas Species in Need of Conservation (SINC)

Federal: None
NatureServe State: S3 - Vulnerable
NatureServe National: N5 - Secure
NatureServe Global: G5 - Secure
CITES: None
Diagnosis:
HARMLESS. The Glossy Snake is characterized by smooth scales, a single anal scale, a double row of scales on the underside of the tail, a uniform white belly, and a pattern of 39- 69 distinct dark gray or brown, black-edged blotches on its body. This snake has a smooth, glossy appearance. In addition to the blotches on the back, there are two alternating rows of dark spots on each side of the body. A dark line extends from the angle of each jaw forward through the eyes. Males have slightly longer tails than females. The tongue is entirely dark brown to black 
Adults normally 68.8-90.0 cm (27-36 inches) in total length. The largest specimen from Kansas is a female (FHSM 7244) from Morton County with a total length of 118.6 cm (46¼ inches) collected by Phillip Cass on 1 June 2002. The maximum length throughout the range is 141.6 cm (55­3⁄4 inches) (Powell et al., 2016).

Distribution:
The Glossy Snake is known from Kansas, south, and west of the Arkansas River valley. Isolated populations are known from Cheyenne/Rawlins, Gove/Logan, Sumner (questionable) and Chase (questionable) counties. An additional record for Rice County (KU 188571) exists, but lacks specific locality data, and therefore, is not mapped.
This species prefers open, sandy areas and reaches its peak observable abundance in the Sandsage Prairies of southwestern Kansas.
(,   Museum Voucher) (,   Observation) (,   Literature Record) (,   iNat Record), (  Fossil)
Open icons are questionable records; Click on a marker to view details.
Full range depicted by light shaded red area. Export Google Earth (.kml)
  • Occurrence Summary:  
  • 368
    Records 
  • 251
    Museum Vouchers 
  • 117
    Other Observations 
Some county occurrences indicated below may be too imprecise to map above.
County Breakdown: County Name (# occurrences):
Barber (15); Chase (2); Cheyenne (6); Clark (10); Comanche (6); Finney (124); Ford (4); Gove (3); Grant (8); Gray (3); Hamilton (26); Harper (5); Harvey (1); Haskell (1); Kearney (18); Kingman (5); Kiowa (3); Logan (4); Meade (28); Morton (70); Pratt (2); Reno (7); Rice (2); Seward (4); Stafford (5); Stevens (4); Sumner (2);

Fossil History:
Not known from Kansas.

Natural History:
The Glossy Snake is found in dry, open, sandy areas. Little is known of its habits in Kansas, but apparently it is active from April to October. This species is primarily nocturnal, prowling for food. During the day, it retires beneath rocks or into burrows to avoid heat and predators. Platt (1985) studied the ha bi tat preference of this snake in Harvey County and found it abundant in sand prairies.
This snake mates during May, June, or July, following emergence from winter inactivity. Courtship has not been observed in Kansas. The female evidently lays a single clutch of eggs during the summer; number of eggs per clutch ranges from three to 23 eggs (Fitch, 1985), with an average of eight. The eggs hatch in two to three months.
The Glossy Snake kills its food by constriction and feeds primarily on lizards and small rodents.
Predators of this species probably include snakes, mammals, and owls (Collins, 1993).

Occurrence Activity:
Number of Unique Obervations (=days): 104; Range: 16 Jan to 06 Nov
Remarks:
First reported from Kansas by Taylor (1929) who listed specimens collected near Ashland (in Clark County) by Charles D. Bunker during the day (likely KU 2335), two specimens discovered at night by University of Kansas student Henry Burt while mammal trapping in Morton County, and a fourth specimen found in 1927 by members of the Biological Survey of Kansas in Stafford County. The earliest existing specimen (KU 2335) was collected near Ashland (in Clark County) on 7 June 1911.
This species is widely distributed in sandy native prairie regions of southwestern and northwestern Kansas. The recent discovery of this species along the Smoky Hill River in Gove County, coupled with its continuous distribution throughout eastern Colorado, indicates that the area between the Arkansas and Republican rivers in Kansas may yield additional records.
The type locality for Arizona elegans blanchardi (Holotype: CAS 10393) is listed [Klauber, 1946. Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist 10(17): 311-398] as Cheyenne County, Kansas, 13 miles southeast of Benkelman, Dundy County, Nebraska. This specimen was not listed in the report of specimens received from CAS and needs to be investigated as a possible additional specimen from that region.
A specimen (FHSM 439) was collected in 1963, 20 miles north, and 2 miles west of Bird City. This locality is actually just west of Benkelman, Nebraska. The state line is well marked on K 161 north of Bird City, and I am inclined to believe that the specimen was collected in Kansas, near where the South Fork Republican River enters Cheyenne County from Dundy County, Nebraska.
USNM 89239 (collected 'near Hutchinson, Reno County' by W. T. Cole during September 1932) was published (p. 159) in Cochran (1961) as a paratype of Arizona elegans blanchardi.
Greg Sievert and his students at Emporia State University collected an adult specimen under a rock in Chase County. This specimen represents a significant range extension, in what would heretofore be considered sub-marginal habitat. Subsequently, they were able to secure another adult at a nearby locality also in Chase County. No specimens from Chase County have been discovered since.
Taggart (2006) found this large species is abundant in the Sandsage Prairie and Sand Prairie areas of western Kansas. However, they are only observed active at night or in the early morning. During the evenings after exceptionally warm (> 90°F) late summer and fall days, neonates could be observed en masse as they crossed roads. Hunting is especially productive at these times and yielded the majority of the observations obtained during this study. Surprisingly, employing the same methods in the eastern Arkansas River valley failed to yield any specimens.
Platt (1985, 1998) reports that though never observably abundant during his long-term studies in Harvey County, overall observations of this species has decreased. His most recent observations were of two specimens in 1997. He did note that more specimens were collected in pasture type habitats than sand prairie, although not a statistically significant difference.
Future survey efforts are needed along the western Smoky Hill River drainage, the Arkansas River drainage east of Ford County, and the upper Neosho River drainage in Marion and Chase counties.
Burt (1935) reported on a specimen found 5 miles north of Turon on 25 May 1934. The specimen was on a road near wheat fields.
The Glossy Snake was listed as a Kansas Threatened species in 1987 and downlisted to SINC in 1993.

Bibliography:
1859 Baird, Spencer F. Reptiles of the Boundary, in: Volume 2, pt. 2 United States and Mexican Boundary Survey, U.S. 34th Congress, 1st Session, Executive Document 108. 1-35pp.
Contains the original description of Arizona elegans also referencing a specimen collected "Between the Arkansas and Cimarron" (page 18) and Lamprosoma episcopum (= Sonora episcopa) (page 22).
1929 Taylor, Edward H. A revised checklist of the snakes of Kansas. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 19(5):53-62
1929 Taylor, Edward H. List of reptiles and batrachians of Morton County, Kansas, reporting species new to the state fauna. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 19(6):63-65
Annotated listing of 25 species discovered in southwest Morton County just prior to the Dust Bowl that wreaked havoc on the region and the subsequent creation of the Cimarron National Grassland. Of special note are Heterodon platirhinos, Thamnophis marcianus, and Anaxyrus debilis (all of which have not been found in the area since).
1933 Burt, Charles E. Some distributional and ecological records of Kansas reptiles. Transactions of the Academy of Science St. Louis 26():186-208
1935 Burt, Charles E. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16(3):311-366
1936 Brumwell, Malcolm J. Distributional records of the reptilia and amphibians of Kansas. Privately printed, . 22pp.
County dot maps of the Kansas herpetofauna. This work has been attributed to have been written around 1933, but that may be in error. 
Hypsiglena jani was not known from Kansas until Claude W. Hibbard collected three specimens on the Stevenson Ranch in north-central Clark County (above Clark State Lake) during June 1936 (Hibbard, 1937). Brumwell plotted this locality, which leads me to believe that the 1936 would have been the earliest date this manuscript could have been written.
1939 Tihen, Joseph A. and James M. Sprague. Amphibians, reptiles, and mammals of the Meade County State Park Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 42():499-512
1944 Marr, John C. Notes on amphibians and reptiles from the central United States. American Midland Naturalist 32(2):478-490
1946 Klauber, Laurence M. The Glossy Snake, Arizona, with descriptions of new subspecies. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 10(17):311-398
1950 Smith, Hobart M. Handbook of Amphibians and Reptiles of Kansas. University of Kansas, Museum of Natural History, Miscellaneous Publication (2):336
The first modern herpetology of Kansas. Includes locality dot maps within individual species accounts. Reports 96 species from Kansas (table and text say 97 on p. 10) and 13 "probable but unverified" species and subspecies.
1953 Schmidt, Karl P. A Check List of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. 6th Edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois. 280pp.
Schmidt's first edition of his standardized checklist to North American amphibians and reptiles. Includes several specific references to Kansas in the range descriptions.
1956 Smith, Hobart M. Handbook of Amphibians and Reptiles of Kansas. Second edition. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Miscellaneous Publication (9):1-356
Hobart M. Smith's updated second edition of his first (1950) modern herpetology of Kansas. Includes locality dot maps within individual species accounts. Reports 96 species from Kansas (table says 97 on p. 10; text says 98 on p. 10) and 11 "probable but unverified" species and subspecies. The second edition has updated taxonomy, added Plestiodon laticeps, and removed Eurycea tynerensis.
1956 Loomis, Richard B. The chigger mites of Kansas (Acarina, Trombiculidae). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 37():1195-1443
Examined 2,628 Kansas reptiles of 48 species consisting of 27 turtles of 4 species, 1,736 lizards of 12 species and 892 snakes of 32 species for chiggers. Eleven species of chiggers were recovered from reptiles.
For amphibians, 1188 individuals of 21 species were examined. Five species of chigger mite were recovered from amphibians.
1961 Cochran, Doris M. Type specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bulletin of the United States National Museum (220):1-289
1962 Gish, Charles D. The Herpetofauna of Ellis County, Kansas. Thesis. Fort Hays State University, Hays, Kansas. 34pp.
1963 Platt, Dwight R. and Charles H. Rousell. County records of snakes from southcentral Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 66(3):551
1974 Collins, Joseph T. Amphibians and Reptiles in Kansas University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Public Education Series (1):283 pp
Joseph T. Collins first Kansas herpetology. <Need to get species total and principal differences with previous 'version' (= Smith 1956)>
1974 Karns, Daryl, Ray E. Ashton, Jr., and Thomas Swearingen. Illustrated Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles in Kansas: An Identification Manual. University of Kansas Publications Museum of Natural History Public Education Series(2):viii + 18
1975 Rundquist, Eric M. Amphibians and Reptiles of Kingman County, Kansas. Privately Printed, Lawrence, Kansas. 3pp.
Short accounts for twenty-nine recognized amphibians and reptiles from Kingman County, Kansas. With habitat descriptions and for some species, estimates of population density.
1976 Rundquist, Eric M. Field checklist (of) amphibians and reptiles of Kansas. Kansas Herpetological Society, Lawrence. pp.
1976 Dixon, James R. and R. R. Fleet. Arizona, A. Elegans. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (179):1-4
1977 Knight, James L. and Joseph T. Collins. The amphibians and reptiles of Cheyenne County, Kansas, Report Number 15. Kansas Biological Survey, Lawrence. 19pp.
1977 Perry, Janice. Kansas herps needed. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (18):2-3
List of Kansas amphibians and reptiles desired for the SSAR/HL meeting to be held 7-13 August 1977.
1978 Collins, Joseph T. and Janalee P. Caldwell. New records of fishes, amphibians, and reptiles in Kansas for 1977. Technical Publication of the State Biological Survery of Kansas 6():70-88
1979 Ports, Mark A. Occurrence and density studies of nongame wildlife in southwestern Kansas - May 16-August 16, 1979. Kansas Fish and Game Commission, Pratt, Kansas. 83pp.
1980 Clarke, Robert F. Herptiles and fishes of the western Arkansas River in Kansas. United States Army Corps of Engineers, Albuquerque, New Mexico. 55pp.
A summary of known information on the amphibian, reptile, and fish faunas of the Arkansas River above Great Bend. The report details associated field activities for procuring fish, however no new surveys for amphibians and reptiles were undertaken. Information on herps from Finney County was provided by Michael Rush (FHSU) and thus made available before the publication of his thesis (Rush, 1981). The western Arkansas River drainage had experienced little attention by herpetologists before this study, and the species accounts reflect that paucity of data. Additionally, the report omits several older records (e.g. for Anaxyrus debilisThamnophis cyrtopsis, and Lampropeltis calligaster) from the westernmost reaches of the Arkansas River drainage in Kansas.
1980 Glass, G. E., and N .A. Slade. The effect of Sigmodon hispidus on spatial and temporal activity of Microtus ochrogaster: Evidence for competition Ecology 61():358-370
1981 Choate, Jerry R., Charles A. Ely, Eugene D. Fleharty, and Gary K. Hulett. Biological Inventory of the Sandsage Prairie Near Holcomb, Kansas. Final Report. Sunflower Electric Cooperative, Inc., Holcomb, Kansas.. 170pp.
1982 Collins, Joseph T. Amphibians and Reptiles in Kansas. 2nd edition. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Public Education Series (8):
Joseph T. Collins second Kansas herpetology. <Need to get species total and principal differences with previous 'version' (= Collins 1974)>
1983 Collins, Joseph T. New records of fishes, amphibians, and reptiles in Kansas for 1982 . Technical Publication of the State Biological Survey of Kansas 13():9-21
1984 Secor, Stephen M. and Charles C. Carpenter. Distribution maps of Oklahoma reptiles. Oklahoma Herpetological Society Special Publication (3):1-57
1984 Collins, Joseph T. New records of fishes, amphibians and reptiles in Kansas for 1984. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (58):14-20
1985 Platt, Dwight R. Population trends and habitat assessment of snakes and lizards in south central Kansas. Contract 80. Final report. ():37
1985 Lynch, John D. Annotated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nebraska. Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Science 13():33-57
1986 Layher, William G., Ken L. Brunson, J.Schaefer, Marvin D. Schwilling, and R. D. Wood. Summary of nongame task force actions relative to developing three species lists: Species in Need of Conservation, Threatened, and Endangered. Kansas Fish and Game Commission, Pratt. 27pp.
1987 Miller, Larry L. An investigation of four rare snakes in south-central Kansas. Final Report. Kansas Wildlife and Parks Commission, Pratt. 24pp.
1987 Simmons, John E. September 1987 field trip report. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (69):42894
1988 Busby, William H. The Kansas Natural Heritage Program: Taking stock of Kansas' natural heritage. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (71):9-12
1988 Nulton, Michael T. and Michael S. Rush. New county records of amphibians and reptiles in Gray County, Kansas. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (74):10-12
1989 Collins, Joseph T. New records of amphibians and reptiles in Kansas for 1988. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (75):15-18
1989 Simmons, John E. Endangered and threatened in Kansas. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (75):4-5
1989 Capron, Marty B. Threatened and endangered: A critique of the Kansas list. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (76):14-15
1990 Collins, Joseph T. Maximum size records for Kansas amphibians and reptiles. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (81):13-17
1991 Conant, Roger and Joseph T. Collins. Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. pp.
1991 Collins, Joseph T. and Suzanne L. Collins. Reptiles and Amphibians of the Cimarron National Grasslands, Morton County, Kansas. U. S. Forest Service, Elkhart, Kansas. 60pp.
1992 Collins, Joseph T. New records of amphibians and reptiles in Kansas for 1991. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (87):12-17
1992 Ball, Robert L. High plains serpents: Results of a long-term study in Texas County, Oklahoma and Morton County, Kansas Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (88):16-17
1992 Rundquist, Eric M. Kansas endangered, threatened, and SINC species. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (91):
1993 Collins, Joseph T. and Suzanne L. Collins. Amphibians and Reptiles in Kansas. Third Edition. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Lawrence. 397pp.
Joseph T. Collins third Kansas herpetology. <Need to get species total and principal differences with previous 'version' (= Collins 1982)>
1993 Fitch, Henry S. Relative abundance of snakes in Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 96(3/4):213-224
1996 Rundquist, Eric M. Results of the eighth annual KHS herp counts Held 1 April-31 May 1996. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (104):6-17
1996 Rakestraw, J. Spring herp counts: A Kansas tradition. Reptile & Amphibian Magazine (March-April):75-80
1997 Rundquist, Eric M. Results of the ninth annual KHS herp counts held 1 April-31 May 1997. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (108):12-17
1998 Conant, Roger and Joseph T. Collins. Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. 3rd ed, expanded. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. pp.
1998 Powell, Robert, Joseph T Collins, and Errol D Hooper Jr. A Key to Amphibians & Reptiles of the Continental United States and Canada. Univ Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. 131pp.
1998 Platt, Dwight R. Monitoring population trends of snakes and lizards in Harvey County, Kansas. Final Report. Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks, Pratt, Kansas. 42pp.
1999 Rodriguez-Robles, Javier A., Christopher J. Bell, and Harry W. Greene. Food habits of the glossy snake, Arizona elegans, with comparisons to the diet of sympatric long-nosed snakes, Rhinochelius lecontei. Journal of Herpetology 33(1):87-92
2000 Collins, Joseph T. New records of amphibians and reptiles in Kansas for 1999. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (119):7-9
2002 Kingsbury, Bruce and Joanna Gibson. Habitat Management Guidelines for Amphibians and Reptiles of the Midwest. Publication of Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation, Address not given. 152pp.
2002 Taggart, Travis W. Geographic distribution: Arizona elegans. Journal of Kansas Herpetology (2):10
2002 Taggart, Travis W. Results of the spring 2002 KHS field trip. Journal of Kansas Herpetology (3):6-7
To the Cimarron National Grassland, in Morton and Stevens counties.
2002 Collins, Suzanne L. and Joseph T. Collins. Size maxima: Arizona elegans. Journal of Kansas Herpetology (4):4
2003 Collins, Joseph T. New records of amphibians and reptiles in Kansas for 2002. Journal of Kansas Herpetology (5):13-16
2003 Platt, Dwight R. Lizards and snakes (Order Squamata) of Harvey County, Kansas. Journal of Kansas Herpetology (6):13-20
2005 Brunson, Ken. Kansas species in need of conservation (SINC). Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks, Pratt, Kansas. 71pp.
2006 Taggart, Travis W. Addendum report to biological inventory of the sandsage prairie near Holcomb, Kansas. Sunflower Electric Cooperative, Hays, Kansas. 31pp.
2006 Taggart, Travis W. Distribution and status of Kansas herpetofauna in need of information. State Wildlife Grant T7. Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks, Pratt. vii + 106pp.
2006 Sievert, Greg, Michelle Gilkerson, Victor Tuttle, and Peter Tuttle. Geographic Distribution: Arizona elegans Herpetological Review 37(4):496
2007 Taggart, Travis W., Joseph T. Collins, and Curtis J. Schmidt. Estimates of amphibian, reptile, and turtle mortality if Phostoxin is applied to 10,000 acres of prairie dog burrows in Logan County, Kansas. Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks, Pratt. 5pp.
2007 Taggart, Travis W. A biological inventory of the Sunflower Electric Site near Holcomb, Kansas. Journal of Kansas Herpetology 23():11-16
2010 Collins, Joseph T., Suzanne L. Collins, and Travis W. Taggart. Amphibians, Reptiles, and Turtles of Kansas Eagle Mountain Publishing., Provo, Utah. 400pp.
Joseph T. Collins fourth Kansas herpetology. <Need to get species total and principal differences with previous 'version' (= Collins 1993)>
2011 Taggart, Travis W. and Daniel Murrow. KHS to conduct summer field trip to western Kansas. Journal of Kansas Herpetology (38):5
2011 Taggart, Travis W. Results of the Kansas Herpetological Society 2011 Summer Field Trip to Scott State Park Journal of Kansas Herpetology (39):2
2011 Lokke, John L. Geographic Distribution: Arizona elegans. Kansas: Kingman County Journal of Kansas Herpetology (40):8
2011 Taggart, Travis W. and Curtis J. Schmidt. Geographic Distribution: Arizona elegans. Kansas: Logan County. Journal of Kansas Herpetology (40):8
2011 Lokke, John L. Geographic Distribution: Arizona elegans. Kansas: Kingman County.  Journal of Kansas Herpetology 40(8):
2012 Rohweder, Megan R. Spatial conservation prioritization of Kansas for terrestrial vertebrates. Thesis. Fort Hays State University, Hays, Kansas. 151pp.
2012 Powell, Robert, Joseph T Collins, and Errol D Hooper Jr. Key to the Herpetofauna of the Continental United States and Canada: Second Edition, Revised and Updated. Univ Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. 152pp.
2013 Taggart, Travis W. KHS 2012 Summer Field Trip to Meade County State Park. Collinsorum 2(3/4):3
2013 Taggart, Travis W. KHS 2013 Summer Field Trip to Coldwater Lake, Comanche County. Collinsorum 2(3/4):5
2014 Taggart, Travis W. Results of the 2014 KHS summer field trip to Morton County and adjacent Colorado, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. Collinsorum 3(2-4):12
2014 Taggart, Travis W. Recent scientific and standard English name changes effecting the Kansas herpetofauna. Collinsorum 3(2-4):9-10
2015 Rohweder, Megan R. Kansas Wildlife Action Plan. Ecological Services Section, Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism in cooperation with the Kansas Biological Survey. 176pp.
2015 Brown, Kasandra A. Occupancy Modeling Of Herpetofauna And Grassland Nesting Birds At Quivira National Wildlife Refuge. Thesis. Fort Hays State University, Hays, Kansas. 72pp.
2016 Powell, Robert, Roger Conant, and Joseph T. Collins. Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. 494pp.
2016 Myers, Edward A., Michael J. Hickerson, and Frank T. Burbrink. Asynchronous diversification of snakes in the North American warm deserts. Journal of Biogeography 44(2):1-14
2017 Crother, Brian I. (editor) Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding. Eighth edition. Herpetological Circulars (43):1-102
2017 Myers, Edward A., Michael J. Hickerson, Frank T. Burbrink. Asynchronous diversification of snakes in the North American warm deserts. Journal of Biogeography 44(2):461-474
2019 Powell, Robert, Joseph T Collins, and Errol D Hooper Jr. Key to the Herpetofauna of the Continental United States and Canada. Third Edition. Univ Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. 192pp.
2019 Myers, Edward A., Alexander T. Xue, Marcelo Gehara, Christian Cox, Alison R. Davis Rabosky, Julio Lemos‐Espinal, Juan E. Martínez‐Gómez, and Frank T. Burbrink. Environmental heterogeneity and not vicariant biogeographic barriers generate community‐wide population structure in desert‐adapted snakes. Molecular Ecology 28(20):4535-4548
2020 Riedle, J. Daren. Revisiting Kansas Herpetological Society field trip and Herp Count data: Distributional patterns and trend data of Kansas amphibians and reptiles. Collinsorum 9(1):7-16
2021 Taggart, Travis W and Sarah L Taggart. Herp Count: Morton County: KHS-2020-12. Collinsorum 9(3):13
2021 Locklear, James H. The Sandsage Prairie ecological system: Biodiversity hotspot for the Great Plains. Natural Areas Journal 41(1):64-74
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Travis W. Taggart © 1999-2024 — w/ Sternberg Museum of Natural History, Fort Hays State University