GREEN TREEFROG
Hyla cinerea (Schneider 1799)
hī-lă — sĭn-ĕr-ē-ŭh


Conservation Status:

State: None

Federal: None
NatureServe State: SNA - Not Applicable
NatureServe National: N5 - Secure
NatureServe Global: G5 - Secure
CITES: None

Adult from Franklin County, Florida. © Travis W. Taggart.
Adult from Franklin County, Florida. © Travis W. Taggart.

Description:
A large ans slender treefrog that ranges in length from 32-64 mm (1.25-2.5 in) . It has smooth skin and long legs. Dorsally it is usually bright green, but may vary infrequently from yellow to slate-gray. There are often a few small yellow spots on the dorsum. The venter is white and unmarked. There is usually a dark-bordered white to yellow stripe along each side of varying length. 

Distribution:
Known only from isolated introductions from fish (Douglas County), potted plants (Wichita), and flower (Ellis County) shipments. This species does not establish viable populations in Kansas, however the Douglas County introduction persisted for several years (J. T. Collins, pers. comm.).
(, Museum Voucher) (, Observation) (, Literature Record)
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  • Occurrence Summary:  
  • 40
    Records 
  • 40
    Museum Vouchers 
  • 0
    Other Observations 
Some county occurrences indicated below may be too imprecise to map above.
County Breakdown: County Name (# occurrences):
Douglas (38); Ellis (1); Sedgwick (1);

Natural History:
The male breeding call is described as a nasal, bell-like "quonk" repeated up to 75 times a minute .

Occurrence Activity:
The blue dates denote chorusing actity. The red dates are other occurrences. The darker a date is, the greater the relative number of observations for that date.
Chorusing:

Audio recording by Keith Coleman.

Chorusing Phenology: The black outlined dots denote the Julian date (day of the year; 1 January = 1 to 31 December = 365) an observation was made. The thin red line depicts the range of dates between the beginning of the first, and end of the fourth quartile (excluding outliers; Tukey method). The thick light blue bar represents the second and third quartile (interquartile range; the middle 50% of all observations). Only one observation per Julian date is included in the graphs; so a date with multiple observations carries the same weight as a date with only one observation. The vertical bars correspond to the 12 months of the year; January through December.
# Unique Obervations: ; Range: ; Interquartile range: ;

Observation Type: (of recorded types)
Remarks:
This species infrequently turns up in Kansas from plant shipment that originate further south and east. There are natural populations within 50 miles of the Kansas border along the Verdigris River in Oklahoma. A recent introduction and large chorusing/breeding population (UMC 1841P) was reported from just north of Joplin, Missouri (8.5 miles [13.7 km] east of the Cherokee County, Kansas border) (Daniel et al., 2011). This population (discovered in 2010) is three miles from the Spring River, which flows into Kansas east of Crestline.

Bibliography:
1974 Collins, Joseph T. Amphibians and Reptiles in Kansas University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Public Education Series (1):283 pp
1974 Perry, Janice. An unusual frog in Kansas. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (4):2-3
1986 Capron, Marty. If its December it must be time for frogs. Kansas Herpetological Society Newsletter (66):17
1991 Conant, Roger and Joseph T. Collins. Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. pp.
1993 Collins, Joseph T. and Suzanne L. Collins. Amphibians and Reptiles in Kansas. Third Edition. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Lawrence. 397pp.
1998 Conant, Roger and Joseph T. Collins. Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. 3rd ed, expanded. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. pp.
2002 Kingsbury, Bruce and Joanna Gibson. Habitat Management Guidelines for Amphibians and Reptiles of the Midwest. Publication of Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation, Address not given. 152pp.
2003 Redmer, M. and R. A. Brandon. Hyla cinerea. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (766):1-14
2006 Taggart, Travis W. Distribution and status of Kansas herpetofauna in need of information. State Wildlife Grant T7. Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks, Pratt. vii + 106pp.
2010 Collins, Joseph T., Suzanne L. Collins, and Travis W. Taggart. Amphibians, Reptiles, and Turtles of Kansas Eagle Mountain Publishing., Provo, Utah. 400pp.
2011 Daniel, Richard E., Brian S. Edmond, and Jeffrey T. Briggler. New herpetological distribution records for Missouri in 2011. Missouri Herpetological Association Newsletter (24):15
2016 Powell, Robert, Roger Conant, and Joseph T. Collins. Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. 494pp.
Account Last Updated:
8/26/2020 9:36:14 AM